If not every week, so every month the world’s media have reported that U.S. authorities have fined another European bank. Most of the victims — renowned banks. Barclays type orHSBC of the City of London. This is a brand new trend in the banking world, which clearly defines the end of the last decade. What lies behind it?
Extraterritorial laws — the basis of the global banking dictate the United States. And before it happened that the banks fined or otherwise sanctioned by the central banks, tax authorities, other government departments and organizations. But to punish only «their», those who passed in the column of «residence.» «Non-residents», ie, Foreign banks no one, including the U.S. government, do not touch him. Around since 2009, Washington has picked up foreign (primarily European) banks have convicted them of violating any U.S. laws. And demanding payment for these violations multimillion-dollar fines to the Treasury United States.
Since the end of the last century, the United States began to actively make laws having extraterritorial actions not only. That is, their performance became mandatory for citizens and companies in the U.S., but also in other countries. This, above all, the various acts establishing a regime of economic and other sanctions against individual countries in the world. Next, the so-called Patriot Act, which was passed hastily after the events of 11.09.2001. Officially, he was declared a tool in the fight against terrorism both within the U.S. and globally. In the list of extraterritorial laws and various regulations aimed at combating drug trafficking, organized crime, corruption, and tax evasion in the U.S. Treasury, money «dirty» money, etc. Originally extraterritorial laws were aimed at non-resident categories such as individual citizens of other states and foreign trade companies (eg, companies that trade with the countries included in the «black list» of Washington).
For foreign banks, the first large-scale sanctions against Washington began to apply them in the middle of the last decade. They concerned the fact that at the direction of the U.S. government the largest U.S. banks, which ensured dollar bills in foreign banks began to close correspondent accounts of the past. Was dealing with the banks, which were known to or suspected of illegal activities, including money laundering «dirty» money, financing of terrorism, etc. It is noteworthy that especially many were closed correspondent accounts of Russian banks. No specific facts of the Russian banks in illegal operations, U.S. banks and the U.S. government did not show. The reason for closing the corresponding accounts were only a «suspicion» and «fear.» However, U.S. officials have long been used to treat without the necessary facts and evidence. According to the then President of the Association of Regional Banks «Russia» Alexander Murichev, only for the period from spring 2004 to spring 2005 were closed U.S. correspondent accounts of about 300 Russian banks.